Su Luopei (Robert Spence) Phonetics with Listening Practice (British), WS 2018/2019

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Phonetics with Listening Practice (British), WS 2018/2019

1 General information concerning this course

This course is designed to help students of English (old B.A., new B.A., and trainee teachers) to improve their English pronunciation and their ability to understand spoken English. It is offered in two groups, the first meeting Mondays from 16:15 to 17:45 in A2_2 Room 1.22 (Sprachlabor), the second meeting Wednesdays from 16:15 to 17:45 in the same room.

Each class will typically be divided into two parts: the first will be devoted to pronunciation practice, the second to listening practice. Currently there is listening material for most of the semester, but students are also encouraged to make suggestions of their own. The listening material can be either audiovisual or just audio.

For the pronunciation part of the course we will use material from the following sources:

Walter Sauer, A Drillbook of English Phonetics. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter, 1979 or later.

Albrecht Neubert, Englische Aussprache. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie Leipzig, 198512.

M.A.K. Halliday, A Course in Spoken English: Intonation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970.

We have the original recordings for all three of these, and will also experiment with using digital remasterings of them.

ERASMUS students or other students whose native language is French might like to work with some of the exercises from:

David Banks, Writing the Sounds of English. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2005.

Roughly the first half to two-thirds of the semester will be devoted to pronunciation of individual sound segments (Sauer, Neubert; Banks), the rest will be devoted to rhythm and intonation (Halliday).

An initial assessment of students’ English pronunciation skills will take place in the first two weeks of classes; the aim of this is to help students identify the areas where they need to do the most work – e.g.: lenis final consonant clusters, diphthongs, the “r” sound, “th”, w/v, stress patterns and syllable length, …

The final assessment will take place in the last two weeks of classes or the first week of the lecture-free period.

The course is worth 2 ECTS points (2 × 45-minute ‘academic hours’ per week for 15 weeks, plus an equivalent amount of homework, making a total of 30 academic hours of contact time plus 30 academic hours of non-contact time, i.e. 60 academic hours in all). If there are any Erasmus students whose home university requires students to take courses of more than 60 hours (e.g., to obtain 3 ECTS points), please see the course leader right at the beginning of the semester. Obtaining an extra credit point would involve the equivalent of at least one full weekend’s extra work.

All students taking the course should make sure that their correct e-mail address is on the course mailing list. It would be appreciated if students could include the word
“[phonetics]”
(including the square brackets) in the subject field of any emails addressed to the course leader.

A word of warning: Avoid the pronunciation guide used in the Concise Oxford Dictionary. Use the pronunciation guide used by the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary instead. Do not trust any pronunciations that a Google search shows you at the top of the screen, as these are almost certainly based on the system used in the Concise Oxford Dictionary. You can always trust this source:
https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/

Wiktionary is also good.

Local copies of videos for listening can be found here:
http://www.spence.saar.de/arcanum/phoneticswithlistening/listening/videos_etc/ – ask the course leader to send you your login details.

Any local copies of the texts of those videos would be here:
http://www.spence.saar.de/arcanum/phoneticswithlistening/listening/texts_etc/

The worksheets for the first two videos are here:
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/exercise_sheet_01_01/index.pdf
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/exercise_sheet_02_01/index.pdf

Syllable structure:
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/syllablestructure/initials.pdf
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/syllablestructure/finals.pdf

Einstufung:
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/einstufung1802/index.pdf

Initial survey:
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/initialsurvey/index.pdf

Rhythm graphic:
http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/AAAA_RHYTHM.jpg

LINKS TO VIDEOS FOR LISTENING PRACTICE:

01-RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION (1): ‘STAGED’ RP

01-01-FRY AND LAURIE
Marvellous England Commentators – Fry and Laurie
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znmjnEMqHeg
(2:17)

02-RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION (2): OLDER RP

02-01-BERTRAND RUSSELL
Bertrand Russell: Face to Face Interview (BBC, 1959)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bZv3pSaLtY
(28:50)

03-RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION (3): (MOSTLY) STANDARD RP and/or SOUTHERN ENGLAND, EDUCATED

03-01-MICHAEL HALLIDAY:
M.A.K. Halliday was born into a middle-class family in Leeds, Yorkshire, in 1925. Like most British academics of his generation, he spoke in an accent that contained few, if any, indications of which part of the U.K. he was born in.

M.A.K. Halliday presenting his paper ‘The grammatical construction of scientific knowledge: a historical view of the framing of the English clause’ at the International Conference on Languages of Science, University of Bologna, Italy, PART 1 and PART 2
https://www.annabellelukin.com/mak-halliday.html
(19:49) and (19:37)
also here:
https://vimeo.com/66850712 (PART 1)
https://vimeo.com/66854658 (PART 2)

This paper is available as:
Chapter 4 of Volume 5 (The Language of Science) of The Collected Works of M.A.K. Halliday
See also:
http://www.spence.saar.de/arcanum/phoneticswithlistening/listening/texts_etc/halliday/ Similar ideas are put forward in Chapter 5 of Halliday and Martin 1992, Writing Science.

Michael Halliday: ‘Language Evolving: Some systemic functional reflections on the history of meaning’
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nC-blhaIUCk
(1:07:54)
(the sound cuts out for 30 seconds at t11m02s)

03-02-YES MINISTER
Yes, Minister S01E04 Big Brother
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThzKQdlGbDw (29:16)
Yes, Minister S01E05 The Writing on the Wall
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=70LhQsTZkGA (27:39)
Yes, Minister S01E06 The Right to Know
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfbrzH92GbA (29:30)

03-03-WHY I AM NOT A CHRISTIAN (B. RUSSELL)
A speaker of RP reads aloud the text of Bertrand Russell’s lecture ‘Why I am not a Christian’ (first delivered on March 6, 1927 to the National Secular Society, South London Branch, at Battersea Town Hall)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0F6J8o7AAe8
(38:55)

03-04-OXFORD DEBATE 1860
A dramatic reconstruction of the debate between Bishop Samuel Wilberforce and Thomas Huxley at Oxford on 30.6.1860 in which Wilberforce attacked and Huxley defended Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species”.
(The first character appears to speak Scottish English; with the exception of one American academic, the other characters – including Darwin – speak RP or something very similar.)
http://www.spence.saar.de/arcanum/phoneticswithlistening/listening/videos_etc/03-04-Charles_Darwin_Oxford_Debate_1860

04-RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION (4): FURTHER EXAMPLES OF STAGED AND EXAGGERATED RP

04-01-ANNA RUSSELL
Anna Russell: Wagner’s Ring Cycle
–VERSION 1 (1984 – pink dress, at piano, no slides):
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eN5dAQLYYrs
(28:12)
–VERSION 2 (1953 – better sound; slides as illustrations)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m69aPAo1rXE
NYC 1953-04-23
(21:44)

04-02-ROWAN ATKINSON
Rowan Atkinson: The School Master (roll call)
Version 1 (earlier/original: “Ainsley, …”)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FiWJWLCoH2M
(5:58)

Version 2: (later/more formulaic: “Anus, …”)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJKyztJJVdU
(5:22)

04-03 ALAN BENNETT (in his stage revue voice)
Alan Bennett: ‘Take a Pew’ (“My brother Esau”) from “Beyond the Fringe”
(version 1) (stills)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UOsYN---eGk
(7:30)

(version 2) (motion)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0qOD9rtOEE
(7:13)

The text of a different version of this sketch is available here:
http://www.wepsite.de/sermon.htm

05-NORTHERN ENGLAND

05-01-OWEN JONES (born in Sheffield (South Yorkshire); raised in Stockport (Greater Manchester))
Owen Jones interviews Jonas Nay (Deutschland 83 actor):
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3YT-Pwpy6s
(8:41)
“Chavs” author Owen Jones returns to Stockport
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gb8wH_XlLfA
(6:20)
Owen Jones interviews Jeremy Corbyn again
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fGXVHHxxnZQ
(Corbyn is from Wiltshire)
(45:49)
Owen Jones meets Sir Ian McKellen – ’No one regrets being honest about their sexuality’
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9aXe6JqpCI
(McKellen speaks RP)
(12:47)

06-WEST COUNTRY (SOMERSET)

06-01
School Of British Accents – WEST COUNTRY
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j737oPgPE3s
(2:16)

07-SCOTTISH ENGLISH

07-01-PROFESSOR IAIN STUART: “Men of Rock” (documentary series about the history of geology):
Ep. 1: Deep Time
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYfuI2uZLmg
Ep. 2: Moving Mountains
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w1wH3cGQLjE
Ep. 3: The Big Freeze
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WslBzG7ARHU

07-02-SCOTTISH FIRST MINISTER NICOLA STURGEON:
https://tinyurl.com/sturgeon-referendum-two
(2:51)

08-IRISH ENGLISH

08-01-DAVE ALLEN (born and raised in Ireland)
Dave Allen (TV comedian) – religious jokes (but only some are linguistically relevant, as his on-stage dialect varies)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYXenjpefNU
(13:19)

08-02-ALAN JOYCE (CEO of Qantas, from Dublin):
https://tinyurl.com/alan-joyce-on-gay-marriage
(0:39) CEO of Qantas airways on his airline’s partnerships, and the strategic importance of IATA’s AGM, at 72nd IATA AGM:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bl-TAvpznyQ
(2:53)

08-03-ALAN DUFFY (Astrophysicist; born in Peterborough, England; raised in Ballyclare, County Antrim, Northern Ireland):
The Future’s looking up: Dr Alan Duffy about careers in astronomy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7A-5thPqtsw
(5:04)

08-04-MARY ROBINSON (President of Ireland, 1990-1997):
Why climate change is a threat to human rights (TED talk)
https://www.ted.com/talks/mary_robinson_why_climate_change_is_a_threat_to_human_rights
(with subtitles)
(21:42)

08-05-AISLING BEA:
Are you fat-thin... or thin-fat?
https://www.facebook.com/BBCOne/videos/aisling-bea-on-being-fat-thin-live-at-the-apollo/1582802491828913/
(2:10)

09-WELSH ENGLISH

09-01
School Of British Accents – WELSH ENGLISH
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8K5UrkaWEuk
(2:29)

10-COCKNEY / ESTUARY ENGLISH

10-01-ON THE BUSES
On the Buses (British TV comedy series):
‘Radio Control’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUTPud3w-bY (23:51)

10-02-THE RAG TRADE
The Rag Trade (British TV comedy series about garment workers):
S01E03 (1961)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7GmYh2gxpk
(30:46)

10-03-BEN COHEN
Ben Cohen on his campaign to stop homophobia:
Ben Cohen – Homophobia is where racism was 20 years ago
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZcFOiBKb-MM
(0:28)
Ben Cohen – Bullying begins in playground, teachers ingore homophobic slurs
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-m1olWUEDc
(0:43)

10-04-DAVID BOWIE
David Bowie (David Jones) at 17 on “The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Long-Haired Men”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5zxeLwUSdk
(1:47)

10-05-DAVID BECKHAM
David Beckham on retirement:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjJzf6FLqMg
(3:18)

11-AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH

11-01-NEIGHBOURS
Countdown: Guy Pearce, Kylie Minogue and Jason Donovan from ’Neighbours’ (1986)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2DnXZlIcvg
(2:34)

A generic bit of “Neighbours”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FClgPW6iSM
(7:37)

Guy Pearce early acting in Neighbours:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nmog2Okev-s
(1:57)

Kylie’s first scene in Neighbours:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OVcRVSUhQVA
(1:32)

Young Kylie in Neighbours (ca 1986)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=308tSMfifhQ
(4:27)

Kylie’s last scene in Neighbours:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NmXeeUMauq4
(4:21)

Neighbours – Mike (Guy Pearce) in Speedos
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KW53F9ofDl0
(1:47)

11-02-PRISCILLA QUEEN OF THE DESERT
(Terence Stamp is British and speaks with an educated southern English accent here; Hugo Weaving is British-Australian and speaks with an Australian accent here; Guy Pearce was born in Britain but raised in Australia and speaks with an Australian accent here)
Priscilla Queen of the Desert
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9p_sWYX7qyk (1:25:44)

If you don’t have time for the whole film, try this edit:

Priscilla – the ABBA edit
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8An5sQVFoVY
(5:14)

11-03-HEAD ON
Head On (Ana Kokkinos, 1994) – Trailer
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bHLgx1VIBg
(I can lend you the whole film on VHS or DVD; it has a wide variety of first- and second-generation Greek Australian speech.)
(2:09)

11-04-DAME EDNA (EARLY)
Barry Humphries Dame Edna Everage (1975):
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3veBnqezQo
(26:16)

11-05-BOB HAWKE
Bob Hawke (Prime Minister of Australia 1983-1991):
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/video/2013/sep/26/bob-hawke-joke-americas-cup-video
(1:57)

11-06-PAUL KEATING
Paul Keating (Prime Minister of Australia 1991-1996):
Tony Abbott Character Slam by Paul Keating
(4:50)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0_BSI6GrZw
Abbott Wanted to Wreck the Place - Paul Keating
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDXtT8RCui8
(5:35)

11-07-JULIA GILLARD
Julia Gillard (Prime Minister of Australia 2010–2013):
Julia Gillard’s "misogyny speech" in full
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihd7ofrwQX0
(15:01)

11-08-PERSONAL TRAINER
Personal Trainer:
http://www.spence.saar.de/arcanum/phoneticswithlistening/videos_etc/11-01-Coaching_Page.mp4

12-NEW ZEALAND ENGLISH

12-00-ROTARY DIAL
To move from Australian to New Zealand English, watch this video explaining the rotary dial on a telephone first:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CIDw75mUl6c (1:08)

(Bertrand Russell “rang off” at the end of his conversation with the Danish journalist – his was a pre-rotary-dial generation of telephone technology!)

12-01-JACINDA ARDERN
Jacinda Ardern (Prime Minister of New Zealand 2017-)
New Zealand’s New Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern Is The World’s Youngest Female Leader
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAzHQUGHj8o
(3:43)
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern is pregnant
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trDjaoIJf3g
(20:22)

12-02-DECK ADS
All three New Zealand deck ads:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBSk_jHQg18
(6:47)

13-SOUTH AFRICAN ENGLISH

13-01
South African English:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4UXbNbpCY6A
(11:37)

13-02
Invictus (2009) – Official Trailer:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HH0TkNdicsI
(2:32)

13-03
Nelson Mandela revisits his Robben Island prison cell:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SPM6lhs6EU8 (1:41)

14-INDIAN ENGLISH

– combine with a look at Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_English#Phonological_comparison_with_Received_Pronunciation

14-01
Shan Antonia: How To Speak Like An INDIAN
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkF8mK_3pE4
(6:45)

14-02
Asian Boss: Do Indians Know How Their English Accent Sounds?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJgoTcyrFZ4
(8:50)

15-SINGLISH (Colloquial Singaporean English – an English-based creole spoken in Singapore)

15-01
Learning Singlish (Singaporean English) - Xiaxue’s Guide To Life: EP178
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb4XSy-d2Ck
(6:20)

16-U.S. ENGLISH (1): GENERAL AMERICAN

16-01-NEIL ARMSTRONG (from Central Ohio)
Interview with Neil Armstrong:
Neil Armstrong interview, BBC 1970
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1R5uquFJjs
(7:12)

see also:
https://tinyurl.com/neil-armstrong-quote

16-02-HOW TO (1)
How To Do A General American Accent In Under Two Minutes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0qiK0DrAn1E
(1:46)

16-03-HOW TO (2)
How to Master a General American Accent - Part One
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQ-PBXXe8mI
(5:27)

16-04-“VALLEY GIRL” TALK
Frank Zappa, Moon Unit Zappa: “Valley Girl”
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BU9ET5I2JDw
(4:51)

17-U.S. ENGLISH (2): SOUTHERN

17-01-BETTE MIDLER (playing JANIS JOPLIN)
Bette Midler (playing Janis Joplin): The Rose – concert monologue
(there are mistakes in the transcription)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PEIYFZCVRx8
(7:28)

18-U.S. ENGLISH (3): NEW ENGLAND / NORTHEAST

18-01-JARED DIAMOND (born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts):
Why do societies collapse?
https://www.ted.com/talks/jared_diamond_on_why_societies_collapse?language=en
(18:11)

18-02-BERNIE SANDERS (born and raised in Brooklyn, NYC, NY):
Sen. Bernie Sanders: Amazon has gotten too big
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-AxDWoR_zaQ
(9:58)

19-CANADIAN ENGLISH

19-01-CHRIS HADFIELD (astronaut, former I.S.S. commander)
Chris Hadfield Brushes his Teeth in Space
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3bCoGC532p8
(3:11)

2 Slides and Printouts

2.1 Week 01

Here are the slides for week 01:

http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/phon1802topic00/phonetics20181015-beamer.pdf

and here are the printouts of the contents of the slides:

http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/phon1802topic00/phonetics20181015-print.pdf

2.2 Week 02

Here are the slides for week 02:

http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/phon1802topic01/phonetics20181022-beamer.pdf

and here are the printouts of the contents of the slides:

http://www.spence.saar.de/courses/phoneticswithlistening/phon1802topic01/phonetics20181022-print.pdf

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